The American Revolution was a time of differences between the American colonies and the British Government. The British Government was in favor of Mercantilism and tried to tax the colonies in order to regain some of the money spent on the French and Indian War. The British thought that the American colonies should pay a share for their own defense, and therefore decided to pass the Stamp Act of 1765 as a means to raise money from the colonies.
The Stamp Act of 1765 entailed taxation on all paper products in the colonies. The colonies revolted and therefore the Stamp Act was repealed. In its’ place however were many new taxes. Leaders from all over the colonies formed one political group called The Sons of Liberty. “Taxation without representation is tyranny” became the battle cry of the colonies.
Boston resorted to violent acts against British Custom Officials who attempted to collect the taxes, which forced Britain to send in troops to protect their officials. The Boston Massacre happened in 1770 and was considered the first blood drawn by the British.
In 1773, after the Boston Tea Party, the British responded with the “Intolerable Acts”, which stated that the colonists involved in the act would be tried in England and their homes given to the British Troops. The direct result of this act was the formation of the First Continental Congress in 1774. All 12 colonies sent a representative to help restore peace with England and instead radical thinking prevailed. Taxes were not paid and the colonies needed to start protecting themselves.
By 1775, the colonists grew tired of being treated unjustly by King George III and his parliament, and on April 19, 1775 the war began. Shots were exchanges by colonials and the British at the first battle site of Lexington and Concord. Many, Many more battles ensued and the war lasted 8 years.
In Yorktown, Virginia on October 19, 1781, Cornwallis surrenders to Washington and this is the last battle fought. In April of 1782, the British House of Commons voted to end the war with the colonies and started to remove their troops. On November 30, 1782 preliminary peace articles were signed in Paris and on February 4, 1783, Great Britain declared it would cease war on North America. The Treaty of Paris is the formal end of the war and was signed on September 3, 1783.
The American Revolutionary War ended two centuries of British Rule and created the United States of America. One of the Aftermaths of the war was the creation of the Constitution of the United States of America.
For Further reading on a particular Battle, please click on hyperlink:
|Battle of Lexington and Concord - April 19, 1775|
|Battle of Ticonderoga - May 10, 1775|
|Battle of Bunker Hill - June 17, 1775|
|Battle of Quebec - December 31, 1775|
|Battle of Long Island - August 27. 1776 (also known as the Battle of Brooklyn)|
|Battle of Valcour Bay - October 11, 1776|
|Battle of Trenton - December 26, 1776|
|Battle of Princeton - January 3, 1777|
|Battle of Bennington - August 16, 1777|
|Battle of Brandywine - September 11, 1777|
|Battle of Freeman's Farm - September 19, 1777|
|Battle of Germantown - October 2, 1777|
|Battle of Saratoga - October 17, 1777|
|Battle of Monmouth - June 28, 1778|
|Battle of Vincennes|
|Battle of Stony Point - July 16, 1779|
|The Siege of Savannah - October 9, 1779|
|Siege of Charleston - March 29, 1780|
|Battle of Camden - August 16, 1780|
|Battle of King's Mountain - October 7, 1780|
|Battle of Cowpens - January 17, 1781|
|Battle of Guilford Courthouse - March 15, 1781|
|Battle of Eutaw Springs - September 8, 1781|
|Battle of Yorktown - September/October 1781|