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Continental Army

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In 1775, you couldn’t distinguish who were Officers and who were soldiers, because there were not enough uniforms for the Continental Army. The enlisted soldiers usually wore hunting or work clothes, many of them not having shoes, coats or hats. George Washington developed badges so they could distinguish the ranks of all men on sight.

 The coats worn by the Army soldiers in 1779 consisted of all soldiers wearing blue coats with different colors of facings as follows:

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White Facings: New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut

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Buff Facings: New York and New Jersey

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Red Facings: Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland and Virginia

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Blue Facings (white button holes):  North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia 

Starting in June 1780, Officers in the Continental Army were to wear blue coats with yellow buttons, lined and faced in buff with yellow buttons, 2 epaulets and white or buff waistcoats and breeches. The reason being this is what George Washington wore early on. The colors chosen were the colors of the Whig Party in England.

 The Continental Army had two types of Regiments. The Continental Regiments can be compared to the Army today. The sole true mixed Regiment was the 1st Continental. The Militia Regiments were state forces serving four months at a time. The Continental Army was approved in 1776 to consist of 200,000 men in 27 Regiments, each of 8 Companies. Quotas were set on the basis of population, which were about 4.5 million settlers.

 Each Infantry Battalion was to contain about 728 Officers and men distributed evenly across all 8 Companies. Each of the Infantry Regiments would be numbered to reflect the seniority, based on the commission date of its Colonel.

 In May of 1775, the Congress met in Philadelphia and decided George Washington should take command of the Continental Army. His technique was to fall back slowly and strike when British were least expecting it. George Washington wanted to harass the British and the war lasted 6 long years. The war also cost $134,645,177.

 There were many great Generals of the Revolution. Some Generals with the Continental Army are George Washington, Anthony Wayne, John Sullivan, Friedrich von Steuben, Nathanael Greene, George Rogers Clark, Layfayette, Henry Knox, and Benedict Arnold, who later attempted to hand West Point over to the British. George Washington and Nathanael Greene were the most outstanding of the Generals.

  The British Generals of the Revolution were John Burgoyne, Sir Henry Clinton, Charles Cornwallis, Sir William Howe and Sir Thomas Gage.

 For further reading click on hyperlink:

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Anthony Wayne

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 John Sullivan

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Friedrich von Steuben

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Nathanael Greene

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George Rogers Clark

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Marquis de Layfayette  

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Henry Knox

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Benedict Arnold

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 John Burgoyne

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Sir Henry Clinton

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Charles Cornwallis

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Sir William Howe

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Sir Thomas Gage

 D.Mason